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Southern Kenya Northern Tanzania Landscape

A Transboundary Landscape where People and Nature are thriving and living in harmony.

© Naha

Stretching from Lake Victoria to the Indian Ocean, the Southern Kenya – Northern Tanzania (or SOKNOT) transboundary area extends some 134,000 km2 about the size of the combined country areas of Austria and Switzerland. Covering the Maasai Mara-Serengeti, Amboseli-Kilimanjaro and Tsavo-Mkomazi sub-landscapes including the communal lands that connect them, the landscape is famous for its variety of internationally renowned and iconic conservation areas. These include the, three UNESCO World Heritage Sites (Ngorongoro, Serengeti, Kilimanjaro), a Ramsar Site (Lake Natron), a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve (Amboseli), four important bird habitats (Lake Natron, Loita, Amboseli, West Kilimanjaro) as well as 39 community conservancies and three WMAs and the seventh wonder of the world
(Mara-Serengeti). These reflect its extraordinary biodiversity and tourism value. The landscape is home to millions of wild animals including threatened and endangered species such as elephant, black rhino, lion, cheetah, hirola and African wild dog. The annual wildlife migrations between Masai Mara and Serengeti are among the largest worldwide and a main tourist attraction.

The Challenges

Wildlife and habitats are under increased pressure by a growing human population that has led to an expansion of farms and rangelands and the conversion and fragmentation of previously undisturbed habitats along migration corridors. The shrinking and blocking of these migration routes by fences, farms, roads and settlements has caused increased human-wildlife conflicts with loss of
livestock to predators, destruction of crops and water points, attacks on humans and retaliatory killings of wildlife.

Did you Know?

The Ngorongoro Crater in Northern Tanzania, once a gigantic volcano, is the largest intact caldera in the world. Today, long since having collapsed and eroded, it is an extensive highland area with the famous 600 m deep The Ngorongoro Crater as its focal point. Nearly three million years old, the ancient caldera shelters one of the most beautiful wildlife havens on earth

© Richard Edwards
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