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Ruvuma Transboundary Landscape

An ecologically flourishing transboundary landscape with people thriving in harmony with nature.

© WWF

Why Does it Matter?

Within the Landscape there are over 2,000 species of plants, over 430 species of birds, and 60 species of mammals. Key species include African elephant, black rhino, African wild dog, lion, leopard and cheetah among others. Notably the elephant population in Ruvuma is the single largest population in East Africa and was once the second largest on the African continent. Thus, the landscape is important for Tanzania and Mozambique’s tourism industry that is dependent on charismatic wildlife such as elephant, rhino and lion. 
The landscape is also home to a population of over 8 million people, the majority of who depend heavily on its natural resources. While the landscape already makes a sizeable contribution to the economy in Tanzania and Mozambique, through tourism, there is potential to improve that for the benefit of people and nature. 

Did You Know?

Selous Game Reserve Found within the Ruvuma Transboundary landscape is the oldest game reserves in Africa. The area was declared as a protected area first in 1896 by the German Governor of Tanganyika Hermann von Wissmann, and later became a hunting area in 1905. This iconic game reserve was named after a famous hunter and early conservationist Frederick Selous

© Michael Poliza

Forward Looking

We work to see that By 2025 the ecological integrity of the Ruvuma transboundary landscape is sustainably conserved and contributes to securing priority habitats, selected wildlife species and improved people’s livelihoods.